Farmers spray fertilizer on a wheat field on the outskirts of the city of Kharkov, Ukraine, after an air strike on April 5. (Photo: Reuters)
German Minister of Development and Economic Cooperation Svenja Schulze issued the warning. The German official said that the World Food Program (WFP) estimates that more than 300 million people are facing severe hunger, and risk projections are constantly being revised upwards.
“The bad forecast is that we could face the most severe famine since World War II, with millions of victims,” Schulze said. According to Ms. Schulze, food prices increased by a third globally, the highest level ever.
WFP is concerned that the conflict in Ukraine will continue to escalate food prices, disrupt supply chains, disrupt food production and worsen world hunger. Ukraine is an important cereal producer in the world, accounting for 9% of global wheat exports, 13.5% of corn and 70% of sunflower products.
Africa and the Middle East are likely to be hardest hit, due to their reliance on cheap imported cereals. A total of about 811 million people worldwide are at risk of malnutrition.
Meanwhile, the World Bank’s (WB) chief economist for East Asia and the Pacific, Aaditya Mattoo, said that countries applying export control measures will cause global food prices to fall. increased demand, exacerbating food crises in many countries and having lasting effects on global food trade.
At the end of April 2022, Ms. Schulze proposed creating a food security coalition of countries, donors and international organizations to deal with the crisis. For the most effective cooperation between developed and developing countries, this alliance can work on the model of the COVAX equitable vaccine distribution mechanism to distribute food in the short term, while building capacity. food production of the country.
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